OngoingEn cours<div class="ExternalClassDE5D5BB8E0FE4423831031328DD3FDF5"><p> <strong>Focus&#58; Alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Afghanistan since 1 May 2003 </strong></p><p> <em><br></em></p><div style="background-color&#58;#eeeeee;padding&#58;15px;margin&#58;15px 0px;"> <h5 style="text-align&#58;center;margin&#58;0px 0px 10px;"> <strong>Afghanistan situation&#58; How victims and their representatives can submit their views to ICC Judges</strong></h5><p>On 20 November 2017, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (&quot;ICC&quot;), Fatou Bensouda, <a href="/Pages/record.aspx?docNo=ICC-02/17-7-Red"> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">requested</span></a> authorisation from Pre-Trial Chamber III to initiate an investigation into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in relation to the armed conflict in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan since 1 May 2003, as well as regarding similar crimes that have a nexus to the armed conflict in Afghanistan and are sufficiently linked to the Situation and were committed on the territory of other States Parties to the Rome Statute since 1 July 2002 (&quot;Situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan&quot;). The Prosecutor issued a Public Notice <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/171120-afgh-art_15-notice_ENG.PDF"> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">on the same date</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">.</span></a>&#160;&#160;</p><p>As per the ICC's legal framework, the victims of the alleged crimes committed in the Situation in Afghanistan have the right to submit &quot;representations&quot;, i.e. to provide their views, concerns and expectations, to the ICC Judges that are considering the Prosecutor's request. To help facilitate this process, the Victims Participation and Reparations Section (&quot;VPRS&quot;) of the ICC Registry has prepared a template PDF representation form which is available for download below in English, Pashto and Dari.&#160;&#160;</p><p> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">A</span><span lang="EN-GB"><span style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">lternatively</span>,</span> an online version of the form is also available below in the same three languages, to be filled in and sent online.&#160;&#160;</p><p> <strong>The deadline for submitting victim representations</strong><strong> to the ICC</strong><strong> is </strong> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"> <strong>31 January 2018</strong></span><strong>. </strong> <strong>Please note that the process of submitting representations is voluntary and free of charge.</strong>&#160;</p><p> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"><strong>When filling in the </strong></span> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"> <strong>victim </strong></span> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"> <strong>representation form&#58;</strong></span>&#160;</p><ul><li>Please carefully read the <strong>instructions</strong><strong> </strong>available for download below<strong> </strong>before you fill in the representation form. This is essential to ensure that the form is complete and can be processed.&#160;</li><li>To the extent possible, please fill in the victim representation form <strong>in English</strong>, and please be as <strong>precise and concise as possible</strong>.&#160;</li><li>For each victim/group of victims, please select <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"> <strong>one single form version</strong></span>, either online or PDF, depending on your internet connection/computer capacity and security concerns, to make your representation.&#160;</li><li>Filled-out representation forms that have not been filled out online should be sent to the VPRS to the postal address below&#58;&#160;</li></ul><p style="text-align&#58;center;">International Criminal Court <br>Victims Participation and Reparations Section <br>Situation in Afghanistan <br>PO Box 19519 <br>2500CM, The Hague <br>The Netherlands&#160;</p><ul><li>Victims may also send their representations, preferably using the forms below, to the following email address&#58; <a href="mailto&#58;VPRS.representations@icc-cpi.int"> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">VPRS.representations@icc-cpi.int</span></a>&#160;&#160;</li></ul><ul><li> <strong>No ad</strong><strong>ditional documents are required</strong><strong> in order for the representation to be considered complete.</strong> Should you wish to provide additional documents connected to a specific representation form, please contact the VPRS at the above email address (<a href="mailto&#58;VPRS.representations@icc-cpi.int"><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">VPRS.representations@icc-cpi.int</span></a>).&#160;</li></ul><div class="annIsland" style="margin-top&#58;15px;"><h4>Victims representation form</h4><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>PDF form</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_ENG.pdf">English</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_DAR.pdf">دری</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_PSH.pdf">پښتو</a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Online form</strong></p><p> <a href="/vr">English</a><br><a href="/vr">دری</a><br><a href="/vr">پښتو </a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Guidelines</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_ENG.pdf">English</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_DAR.pdf"> دری</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_PSH.pdf"> پښتو</a></p></div><div class="clearFix"></div></div><p> <u>Please note that this is not an application process for participation in court proceedings or for obtaining reparations before the ICC</u>. The process initiated by the <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/171120-afgh-art_15-notice_ENG.PDF"> Prosecutor's Public Notice</a> is limited to the submission of victims' views, concerns and expectations on the Prosecutor's request to open an investigation. Representations made under Article 15 of the Rome Statute do not grant victims participatory status in potential future judicial proceedings. Victims interested in applying to participate in judicial proceedings before the ICC or for reparations in this situation, should such proceedings arise in the future, will have to fill in a <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">separate application form</span> for participation in those proceedings and/or for reparations. They will also have to provide specific information and supporting documentation about what happened to them personally.&#160;&#160;</p><p>This is not the time to submit applications for victim participation or reparations in relation to the Situation in Afghanistan.&#160;&#160;</p><p> <strong>Please contact the VPRS</strong> at <a href="mailto&#58;VPRS.representations@icc-cpi.int"> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">VPRS.representations@icc-cpi.int</span></a> for any questions in regards to filling in the representation form and any related issue. <br></p></div><p> <strong>Jurisdiction – General status</strong></p><p>Afghanistan deposited its instrument of <a href="https&#58;//asp.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/asp/states%20parties/asian%20states/Pages/afghanistan.aspx">accession</a> to the Rome Statute on 10 February 2003. The ICC may therefore exercise its jurisdiction over crimes listed in the Rome Statute committed on the territory of Afghanistan or by its nationals from 1 May 2003 onwards.</p><p> <strong>Procedural history and focus of the preliminary examination</strong></p><p>The preliminary examination of the situation in Afghanistan was made public in 2007. The OTP has received numerous communications under article 15 of the Rome Statute related to this situation. The preliminary examination focusses on crimes listed in the Rome Statute allegedly committed in the context of the armed conflict between pro-Government forces and anti-Government forces, including the <strong>crimes against humanity</strong> of murder, and imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty; and the <strong>war crimes</strong> of murder; cruel treatment; outrages upon personal dignity; the passing of sentences and carrying out of executions without proper judicial authority; intentional attacks against civilians, civilian objects and humanitarian assistance missions; and treacherously killing or wounding an enemy combatant. The preliminary examination also focusses on the existence and genuineness of national proceedings in relation to these crimes.</p></div><div class="ExternalClassFCBF80F825D44015ADEA966DCB82CE6D"><p></p></div><p> <strong>Enjeu&#160;&#58; crimes contre l'humanité prétendument commis en Afghanistan depuis le 1er&#160;mai 2003</strong></p><div class="annIsland" style="margin-top&#58;15px;"><h4>Formulaire de représentation des victimes</h4><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Formulaire PDF</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_ENG.pdf">English</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_DAR.pdf">دری</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_PSH.pdf">پښتو</a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Formulaire en ligne</strong></p><p> <a href="/vr">English</a><br><a href="/vr">دری</a><br><a href="/vr">پښتو </a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Directives</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_ENG.pdf">English</a><br> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_DAR.pdf">دری</a><br> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_PSH.pdf">پښتو</a></p></div><div class="clearFix"></div></div><p> <strong>Compétence – Situation générale</strong></p><p>L'Afghanistan a déposé son instrument d'<span lang="FR"><a href="https&#58;//asp.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/asp/states%20parties/asian%20states/Pages/afghanistan.aspx">adhésion</a></span> au Statut de Rome le 10&#160;février 2003. La CPI a par conséquent compétence à l'égard des crimes visés par le Statut de Rome commis sur le territoire afghan ou par des ressortissants afghans à compter du 1<sup>er</sup>&#160;mai 2003.</p><p> <strong>Historique de la procédure et enjeu de l'examen préliminaire</strong></p><p>L'examen préliminaire de la situation en Afghanistan a été rendu public en 2007. Le Bureau a reçu de nombreuses communications, au titre de l'article&#160;15 du Statut de Rome, relatives à cette situation. L'examen préliminaire porte essentiellement sur les crimes visés par le Statut de Rome qui auraient été commis dans le cadre du conflit armé entre les forces progouvernementales et les forces antigouvernementales, notamment les <strong>crimes contre l'humanité</strong> suivants&#160;&#58; meurtre et emprisonnement ou autre forme de privation grave de liberté&#160;; et les <strong>crimes de guerre</strong> suivants&#160;&#58; meurtre, traitements cruels, atteintes à la dignité de la personne, condamnations prononcées et exécutions effectuées sans autorisation de l'autorité judiciaire compétente, attaques dirigées intentionnellement contre la population civile, des biens de caractère civil et des missions d'aide humanitaire, et tuer ou blesser par traîtrise un adversaire combattant. L'examen préliminaire porte également sur l'existence et l'authenticité de procédures nationales relatives à ces crimes.</p>AfghanistanAfghanistan