OngoingEn cours<div class="ExternalClassDE5D5BB8E0FE4423831031328DD3FDF5"><p> <strong>Focus&#58; Alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Afghanistan since 1 May 2003 </strong></p><p> <em><br></em></p><div style="background-color&#58;#eeeeee;padding&#58;15px;margin&#58;15px 0px;"><h5 style="text-align&#58;center;margin&#58;0px 0px 10px;"> <strong>Afghanistan situation&#58; How victims and their representatives can submit their views to ICC Judges</strong></h5><p>On 20 November 2017, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (&quot;ICC&quot;), Fatou Bensouda, <a href="/Pages/record.aspx?docNo=ICC-02/17-7-Red"><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">requested</span></a> authorisation from Pre-Trial Chamber III to initiate an investigation into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in relation to the armed conflict in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan since 1 May 2003, as well as regarding similar crimes that have a nexus to the armed conflict in Afghanistan and are sufficiently linked to the Situation and were committed on the territory of other States Parties to the Rome Statute since 1 July 2002 (&quot;Situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan&quot;). The Prosecutor issued a Public Notice <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/171120-afgh-art_15-notice_ENG.PDF"><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">on the same date</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">.</span></a>&#160;&#160;</p><p>As per the ICC's legal framework, the victims of the alleged crimes committed in the Situation in Afghanistan have the right to submit &quot;representations&quot;, i.e. to provide their views, concerns and expectations, to the ICC Judges that are considering the Prosecutor's request. To help facilitate this process, the Victims Participation and Reparations Section (&quot;VPRS&quot;) of the ICC Registry has prepared a template PDF representation form which is available for download below in English, Pashto and Dari.&#160;&#160;</p><p> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">A</span><span lang="EN-GB"><span style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">lternatively</span>,</span> an online version of the form is also available below in the same three languages, to be filled in and sent online.&#160;&#160;</p><p> <strong>The deadline for submitting victim representations</strong><strong> to the ICC</strong><strong> is </strong> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"> <strong>31 January 2018</strong></span><strong>. </strong><strong>Please note that the process of submitting representations is voluntary and free of charge.</strong>&#160;</p><p> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"><strong>When filling in the </strong></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"><strong>victim </strong></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"><strong>representation form&#58;</strong></span>&#160;</p><ul><li>Please carefully read the <strong>instructions</strong><strong> </strong>available for download below<strong> </strong>before you fill in the representation form. This is essential to ensure that the form is complete and can be processed.&#160;</li><li>To the extent possible, please fill in the victim representation form <strong>in English</strong>, and please be as <strong>precise and concise as possible</strong>.&#160;</li><li>For each victim/group of victims, please select <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"><strong>one single form version</strong></span>, either online or PDF, depending on your internet connection/computer capacity and security concerns, to make your representation.&#160;</li><li>Filled-out representation forms that have not been filled out online should be sent to the VPRS to the postal address below&#58;&#160;</li></ul><p style="text-align&#58;center;">International Criminal Court <br>Victims Participation and Reparations Section <br>Situation in Afghanistan <br>PO Box 19519 <br>2500CM, The Hague <br>The Netherlands&#160;</p><ul><li>Victims may also send their representations, preferably using the forms below, to the following email address&#58; <a href="mailto&#58;"> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"></span></a>&#160;&#160;</li></ul><ul><li> <strong>No ad</strong><strong>ditional documents are required</strong><strong> in order for the representation to be considered complete.</strong> Should you wish to provide additional documents connected to a specific representation form, please contact the VPRS at the above email address (<a href="mailto&#58;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"></span></a>).&#160;</li></ul><div class="annIsland" style="margin-top&#58;15px;"><h4>Victims representation form</h4><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>PDF form</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_ENG.pdf">English</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_DAR.pdf">دری</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_PSH.pdf">پښتو</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_ARA.pdf">العربية </a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Online form</strong></p><p> <a href="/vr">English</a><br><a href="/vr/VictimRepresentation.aspx?Country=Afghanistan&amp;Language=Dari">دری</a><br><a href="/vr/VictimRepresentation.aspx?Country=Afghanistan&amp;Language=Pashto">پښتو </a><br><a href="/vr/VictimRepresentation.aspx?Country=Afghanistan&amp;Language=Arabic">العربية </a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Guidelines</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_ENG.pdf">English</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_DAR.pdf"> دری</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_PSH.pdf"> پښتو</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_ARA.pdf">العربية </a></p></div><div class="clearFix"></div></div><p> <u>Please note that this is not an application process for participation in court proceedings or for obtaining reparations before the ICC</u>. The process initiated by the <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/171120-afgh-art_15-notice_ENG.PDF"> Prosecutor's Public Notice</a> is limited to the submission of victims' views, concerns and expectations on the Prosecutor's request to open an investigation. Representations made under Article 15 of the Rome Statute do not grant victims participatory status in potential future judicial proceedings. Victims interested in applying to participate in judicial proceedings before the ICC or for reparations in this situation, should such proceedings arise in the future, will have to fill in a <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;">separate application form</span> for participation in those proceedings and/or for reparations. They will also have to provide specific information and supporting documentation about what happened to them personally.&#160;&#160;</p><p>This is not the time to submit applications for victim participation or reparations in relation to the Situation in Afghanistan.&#160;&#160;</p><h5 id="qA">Questions and Answers</h5><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/023_VPRS_AFG_QA_17_1284_PUS_023.pdf"> دری</a>, <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/023_VPRS_AFG_QA_17_1284_PRS_023.pdf"> پښتو</a>, <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/023_VPRS_AFG_QA_17_1284_ARB_023.pdf">العربية </a></p><div class="qA"><p class="formInput question">What can victims do now?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>Victims can make their views heard to the ICC Judges. Deadline&#58; 31 January 2018.</p><p>The ICC Office of the Prosecutor has requested authorisation from the Judges to investigate crimes within the jurisdiction of the ICC committed on the territory of Afghanistan in the period since 1 May 2003, as well as other alleged crimes (i.e., those that have a nexus to the armed conflict in Afghanistan and are sufficiently linked to the Situation in Afghanistan and were committed on the territory of other States Parties to the Rome Statute since 1 July 2002)&#58;</p><ol><li> <strong>crimes against humanity and war crimes</strong>, including murder, imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty, persecution on political and gender grounds, intentionally directing attacks against civilian population, humanitarian personnel and/or protected objects, conscription or enlistment and/or use in hostilities of children under the age of 15, and killing and wounding treacherously a combatant adversary by <strong>the Taliban and affiliated armed groups</strong>; </li><li> <strong>war crimes</strong>, including torture, cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity, and sexual violence by <strong>Afghan National Security Forces</strong>, and </li><li> <strong>war crimes</strong>, including torture, cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity, rape and other forms of sexual violence by <strong>US armed forces and members of the CIA</strong> on the territories of Afghanistan, Poland, Romania, and Lithuania.</li></ol><p>Victims can now tell the ICC Judges whether or not they want an ICC investigation, or submit other related views. This is called “victims’ representations”. Victims’ representations will help the Judges decide whether or not to authorise the investigation. The Judges will be able to understand any possible concerns about the scope of the investigation as outlined in the Prosecutor’s request. Victims do not need to prove that a crime was committed, they only have to explain what harm happened to them.</p></div><p class="formInput question">How can victims provide their views and concerns to the ICC Judges?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>If you have been affected by crimes within ICC jurisdiction, please fill out the representation form for submitting victims’ views, or have a representative do it for you. Choose either&#58;</p><ol><li><p>Online version&#58; No need to download. Fill in the form online, tick the signature box (no physical signature required) and submit directly through the ICC website. No attachments can be submitted. The notification of successful submission is automatic.</p></li><li><p>Alternatively&#58; PDF version; download, print, sign and return the representation form via mail or email (see contact information below). Attachments are allowed but not required (for example, copies of forensic, medical, police or court records, photographs, films, etc). To get a confirmation of receipt, please request it in your letter/email. </p><p> <em>You can attach as many files as needed to an email. However, please bear in mind that the combined maximum size of all attached files cannot exceed 5MB. It is advised that you scan your documents in black and white or greyscale as this will reduce the file size (compared to a colour scan). Please note that an email with attachments which exceed a total of 5MB will not reach us.</em></p><p> <em>For a seamless browsing, we advise you disable pop-up and ad blockers.</em></p></li></ol><p>When you fill in the representation form&#58; </p><ul><li>If possible, try to fill in the form in English.</li><li>Answer all questions as best as you can, stating “not applicable” or “unknown” if needed. </li><li>Be concise and aware of the space limitations of the form.</li><li>If you are under 18, have a representative fill in the form for you. </li></ul><p>All persons affected by the crimes identified by the Prosecutor are welcome to fill in the form, regardless of their gender, race, religion, ethnicity or other.</p><p>Submitting the form is free of charge.</p><p> <strong>Individual</strong> victims or a <strong>group</strong> of victims can submit a form. Please make sure to fill in <strong> <u>only one form</u></strong> per victim or per group of victims. </p><p> <em><strong>Representations on behalf of groups of victims</strong></em></p><p>If you are a representative filling in the representation form for a group of victims, please include the number of victims, their nationalities and ethnic groups, gender, ages, languages spoken, places of origin and current place of residence. To avoid security risks, you are advised not to include their names or signatures, but you must confirm that all victims have given consent to you filling in the form for them. </p><p>You can include your own signature. </p><p> <strong><em>Security considerations</em></strong></p><p>The security of victims comes first. Please take preventive measures and avoid mentioning your involvement with the ICC. Please also avoid anything that would expose you and put you or other people at risk. </p></div><p class="formInput question">What happens with your representation form?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>The documents that are received from victims will be sent to the ICC Judges only. They are also stored in a secure database accessed only by authorised ICC staff. The Judges can decide whether or not to share this information with the ICC Prosecutor. The ICC will prepare a report on the views and concerns of victims; the original, complete report will be sent to the Judges, and a redacted version will be made public, so that <strong>no identifying information is disclosed to the public.</strong></p></div><p class="formInput question">Will the Court contact victims who submit these forms?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>Most probably not individually. The ICC Judges will consider the victims’ views and concerns and they will make their decision whether or not to authorise an investigation based on what victims submitted to them, alongside the Prosecutor’s request. The Registry will keep the victims informed as to whether or not the Judges authorise the investigation, through the media and via those individuals who assisted victims in submitting their forms. </p></div><p class="formInput question">What can victims do later?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>At a later stage, if the Chamber authorises the investigation, victims can apply&#58;</p><ol><li>to participate in judicial proceedings against one or more individuals by giving their views and concerns through a legal representative and</li><li>for reparations, if the judicial proceedings lead to the conviction of the accused person(s).</li></ol><p>Victims who submitted representation forms are NOT automatically going to be able to participate in potential future judicial proceedings. They will need to apply separately for such presentation at a later stage.</p></div><p class="formInput question">Who is considered a “victim” before the ICC?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>Victims are persons who have suffered harm – to themselves or to their close family – as a result of any crime within the ICC’s jurisdiction. This harm can include physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of fundamental rights.</p><p>Victims may also include organisations and institutions when their property dedicated to certain purposes (religion, education, art or science or charitable and humanitarian purposes, or historic monuments and hospitals) is harmed as a result of a crime in the ICC’s jurisdiction. </p></div><p class="formInput question">What type of harm will the ICC Judges consider?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>The ICC Judges are likely to consider as harm not only physical harm to a person’s body, but also emotional suffering and material loss.</p></div><p class="formInput question">What are crimes against humanity?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>“Crimes against humanity” include any of the following acts committed as part of widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack&#58; murder; extermination; enslavement; deportation or forcible transfer of population; imprisonment; torture; rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity; persecution against an identifiable group on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious or gender grounds; enforced disappearance of persons; the crime of apartheid; other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering or serious bodily or mental injury.</p></div><p class="formInput question">What are war crimes?</p><div class="explanation answer"><p>“War crimes” include grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict and in conflicts not of an international character listed in the Rome Statute, when they are committed as part of a plan or policy or on a large scale. These prohibited acts include&#58; murder; mutilation, cruel treatment and torture; taking of hostages; intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population; intentionally directing attacks against buildings dedicated to religion, education, art, science or charitable purposes, historical monuments or hospitals; pillaging; rape, sexual slavery, forced pregnancy or any other form of sexual violence; conscripting or enlisting children under the age of 15 years into armed forces or groups or using them to participate actively in hostilities.</p><p> <strong>Contact</strong></p><p>To submit paper copies of representation forms or for any questions, please contact&#58;</p><p>Victims Participation and Reparations Section (VPRS)<br> International Criminal Court<br> P.O. Box 19519, 2500 CM, The Hague, The Netherlands<br><a href="mailto&#58;"></a></p></div></div><p> <strong>Please contact the VPRS</strong> at <a href="mailto&#58;"> <span lang="EN-GB" style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"></span></a> for any questions in regards to filling in the representation form and any related issue. </p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align&#58;right;"> <strong>برای معلومات بیشتردرمورد اینکه نظریات قربانیان دررابطه به بازجویی و تحقیقات احتمالی در مورد </strong> <em> <strong>وضعیت جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان</strong></em><strong> چگونه عرض گردد، لطفاً </strong> <a href="/pages/item.aspx?name=171120-vprs-inf-afgh&amp;ln=Dari"> <strong>اینجا </strong></a> <strong>را فشار دهید </strong> <br></p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align&#58;right;"> <strong>چې </strong> <em> <strong>دافغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت د وضعیت</strong></em><strong> په اړه د احتمالي پلټنوو او تحقیقاتو په هکله د متضررینو او قربانیانو نظریات څرنګه وړاندې کړی شي، مهرباني وکړئ د معلوماتو لپاره </strong> <span style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"></span> <a href="/pages/item.aspx?name=171120-vprs-inf-afgh&amp;ln=Pashto"> <strong>دلتــه</strong></a><strong> کلک وکړئ </strong> <br></p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align&#58;right;"> <strong>للحصول على معلومات عن كيفية تقديم آراء المجني عليهم في أي تحقيق محتمل في الحالة في جمهورية أفغانستان الإسلامية، يرجى الضغط </strong> <span style="text-decoration&#58;underline;"></span> <a href="/pages/item.aspx?name=171120-vprs-inf-afgh&amp;ln=Arabic"> <strong>هنا</strong></a><br></p></div><p> <strong>Jurisdiction – General status</strong></p><p>Afghanistan deposited its instrument of <a href="https&#58;//">accession</a> to the Rome Statute on 10 February 2003. The ICC may therefore exercise its jurisdiction over crimes listed in the Rome Statute committed on the territory of Afghanistan or by its nationals from 1 May 2003 onwards.</p><p> <strong>Procedural history and focus of the preliminary examination</strong></p><p>The preliminary examination of the situation in Afghanistan was made public in 2007. The OTP has received numerous communications under article 15 of the Rome Statute related to this situation. The preliminary examination focusses on crimes listed in the Rome Statute allegedly committed in the context of the armed conflict between pro-Government forces and anti-Government forces, including the <strong>crimes against humanity</strong> of murder, and imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty; and the <strong>war crimes</strong> of murder; cruel treatment; outrages upon personal dignity; the passing of sentences and carrying out of executions without proper judicial authority; intentional attacks against civilians, civilian objects and humanitarian assistance missions; and treacherously killing or wounding an enemy combatant. The preliminary examination also focusses on the existence and genuineness of national proceedings in relation to these crimes.</p></div><div class="ExternalClassFCBF80F825D44015ADEA966DCB82CE6D"><p></p></div><p> <strong>Enjeu&#160;&#58; crimes contre l'humanité prétendument commis en Afghanistan depuis le 1er&#160;mai 2003</strong></p><div class="annIsland" style="margin-top&#58;15px;"><h4>Formulaire de représentation des victimes</h4><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Formulaire PDF</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_ENG.pdf">English</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_DAR.pdf">دری</a><br><a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form_PSH.pdf">پښتو</a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Formulaire en ligne</strong></p><p> <a href="/vr">English</a><br><a href="/vr">دری</a><br><a href="/vr">پښتو </a></p></div><div class="annthird annleft"><p class="annthirdTitle"> <strong>Directives</strong></p><p> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_ENG.pdf">English</a><br> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_DAR.pdf">دری</a><br> <a href="/itemsDocuments/Afghanistan/afgh-VPRS-form-guideline_PSH.pdf">پښتو</a></p></div><div class="clearFix"></div></div><p> <strong>Compétence – Situation générale</strong></p><p>L'Afghanistan a déposé son instrument d'<span lang="FR"><a href="https&#58;//">adhésion</a></span> au Statut de Rome le 10&#160;février 2003. La CPI a par conséquent compétence à l'égard des crimes visés par le Statut de Rome commis sur le territoire afghan ou par des ressortissants afghans à compter du 1<sup>er</sup>&#160;mai 2003.</p><p> <strong>Historique de la procédure et enjeu de l'examen préliminaire</strong></p><p>L'examen préliminaire de la situation en Afghanistan a été rendu public en 2007. Le Bureau a reçu de nombreuses communications, au titre de l'article&#160;15 du Statut de Rome, relatives à cette situation. L'examen préliminaire porte essentiellement sur les crimes visés par le Statut de Rome qui auraient été commis dans le cadre du conflit armé entre les forces progouvernementales et les forces antigouvernementales, notamment les <strong>crimes contre l'humanité</strong> suivants&#160;&#58; meurtre et emprisonnement ou autre forme de privation grave de liberté&#160;; et les <strong>crimes de guerre</strong> suivants&#160;&#58; meurtre, traitements cruels, atteintes à la dignité de la personne, condamnations prononcées et exécutions effectuées sans autorisation de l'autorité judiciaire compétente, attaques dirigées intentionnellement contre la population civile, des biens de caractère civil et des missions d'aide humanitaire, et tuer ou blesser par traîtrise un adversaire combattant. L'examen préliminaire porte également sur l'existence et l'authenticité de procédures nationales relatives à ces crimes.</p>AfghanistanAfghanistan