Republic of the Philippines
Situation in the Republic of the Philippines
Focus: Any alleged crime within the jurisdiction of the Court, including but not limited to the crime against humanity of murder, committed in the Philippines between 1 November 2011 and 16 March 2019 in the context of the so-called 'war on drugs' campaign.
On 15 September 2021, Pre-Trial Chamber I authorised the Prosecutor to commence an investigation of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court allegedly committed on the territory of the Philippines between 1 November 2011 and 16 March 2019 in the context of the so-called 'war on drugs' campaign.
This authorisation followed the Prosecutor's request to open an investigation, initially submitted on 24 May 2021 and filed in public redacted version on 14 June 2021. The Chamber also received views on this request submitted by or on behalf of victims.
On 26 January 2023, following a careful analysis of the materials provided by the Philippines, Pre-Trial Chamber I granted the Prosecutor’s request to resume investigation into the Situation of the Republic of the Philippines.
The Philippines, State party to the Rome Statute since 1 November 2011, deposited a written notification of withdrawal from the Statute on 17 March 2018. While the Philippines' withdrawal from the Statute took effect on 17 March 2019, the Court retains jurisdiction with respect to alleged crimes that occurred on the territory of the Philippines while it was a State Party, from 1 November 2011 up to and including 16 March 2019. While the relevant crimes appear to have continued after this date, Pre-Trial Chamber I noted that alleged crimes identified in the Article 15(3) Request were limited to those during the period when the Philippines was a State Party to the Statute and restricted the authorised investigation to that period.