Focus: Alleged crimes against humanity or war crimes committed in
the Niger Delta, the Middle-Belt States and in the context of armed conflict between Boko Haram and Nigerian security forces in Nigeria.
Phase 3: Admissibility
Jurisdiction – General status
Nigeria deposited its instrument of
ratification of the Rome Statute on 27 September 2001. The ICC may therefore exercise its jurisdiction over Rome Statute crimes committed on the territory of Nigeria or by its nationals from 1 July 2002 onwards.
Procedural history and focus of the preliminary examination
The preliminary examination of the situation in Nigeria was made public on 18 November 2010. The OTP has received numerous communications under article 15 of the Rome Statute in relation to the situation in Nigeria. The preliminary examination focusses on alleged Rome Statute crimes committed in the Niger Delta, the Middle-Belt States and in the context of armed conflict between Boko Haram and Nigerian security forces, including the
crimes against humanity of murder and persecution, and multiple
war crimes. The preliminary examination also focusses on the existence and genuineness of national proceedings in relation to these crimes.