Darfur Situation: Trial Chamber IV terminates proceedings against Saleh Jerbo
Situation: Darfur, Sudan
Case: The Prosecutor v. Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain and Saleh Mohammed Jerbo Jamus
Today, 4 October 2013, Trial Chamber IV of the International Criminal Court (ICC), seized of the case The Prosecutor v. Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain and Saleh Mohammed Jerbo Jamus, issued its decision terminating the proceedings against Saleh Jerbo. The Chamber highlighted that, despite the absence of an official death certificate, the evidence it received pointed towards the death of Mr Jerbo on 19 April 2013. The proceedings against Abdallah Banda will continue and the trial is scheduled to start on 5 May 2014.
The Chamber recalled that the purpose of criminal proceedings is to determine individual criminal responsibility and that, in the present circumstances, it is appropriate to terminate the case against Mr Jerbo without prejudice to resume such proceedings should information become available that he is alive.
On 7 March 2011, Pre-Trial Chamber I unanimously decided to confirm the charges of war crimes brought by the ICC’s Prosecutor against Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain and Saleh Mohammed Jerbo Jamus. Pre-Trial Chamber I found substantial grounds to believe that Abdallah Banda and Saleh Jerbo are criminally responsible as co-perpetrators for three war crimes:
- violence to life and attempted violence to life;
- intentionally directing attacks against personnel, installations, material, units and vehicles involved in a peacekeeping mission; and
These crimes were allegedly committed during an attack led by Abdallah Banda and Saleh Jerbo and other commanders and directed against the compound of the African Union Mission in Sudan at Haskanita on the evening of 29 September 2007. The Chamber found substantial grounds to believe that the attack was directed to personnel, installations, material, units and vehicles involved in a peacekeeping mission in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations which were entitled to the protection afforded to civilians and civilian objects.
The situation in Darfur was referred to the ICC by United Nations Security Council resolution 1593 on 31 March 2005, under article 13(b) of the Rome Statute.
For further information, please contact Fadi El Abdallah, Spokesperson and Head of Public Affairs Unit, International Criminal Court, by telephone at: +31 (0)70 515-9152 or +31 (0)6 46448938 or by e-mail at: [email protected].
وأشارت الدائرة إلى أن الغرض من الدعاوى الجنائية هو تحديد المسؤولية الجنائية الفردية، وأن من المناسب، في ظل الظروف الراهنة، إنهاء القضية المرفوعة ضد السيد جربو دون المساس بإمكانية استئناف هذه الإجراءات إذا ما توافرت لاحقاً معلومات تدل على أنه لا يزال على قيد الحياة.
ﻓﻲ 7 ﺁﺫﺍﺭ/ﻣﺎﺭﺱ 2011، ﻗﺭرﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻹﺟﻤﺎﻉ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺗﻬﻢ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻭﺟﻬﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺒﺪ ﷲ ﺑﻨﺪﺍ ﺃﺑﻜﺮ ﻧﻮﺭﻳﻦ ﻭﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺟﺮﺑﻮ ﺟﺎﻣﻮﺱ. ﻭﺧﻠﺼﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺛﻤﺔ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺔ ﺗﺪﻋﻮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻋﺒﺪ ﷲ ﺑﻨﺪﺍ ﻭﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺟﺮﺑﻮ ﻣﺴﺆﻻﻥ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﻤﺎ ﺷﺮﻳﻜﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺎﺏ ﺛﻼﺙ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺣﺮﺏ ﻫﻲ:
- ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻒ ﺿﺪ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﻴﻪ؛
- ﺗﻌﻤﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻫﺠﻤﺎﺕ ﺿﺪ ﻣﻮﻅﻔﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﻣﻨﺸﺂﺕ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﺮﻛﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻬﺎﻡ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ؛
ﻭﻳُﺪﻋﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺠﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺒﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﻫﺠﻮﻡ ﻗﺎﺩﻩ ﻋﺒﺪ ﷲ ﺑﻨﺪﺍ ﻭﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺟﺮﺑﻮ ﻭﻗﺎﺩﺓ ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻌﺜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﻓﺮﻳﻘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺴﻜﻨﻴﺘﺎ ﻣﺴﺎء ﻳﻮﻡ 29 ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ/ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ 2007. كما خلصت الدائرة إلى وجود اسباب ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺔ ﺗﺪﻋﻮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻬﺠﻮﻡ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﻮﻅﻔﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﻣﻨﺸﺂﺕ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﺮﻛﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻬﺎﻡ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻓﻘﺎً ﻟﻤﻴﺜﺎﻕ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ومستحقة للحماية ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﺪﻧﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻧﻴﺔ.
ﻳُﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﻓﻮﺭ ﺃﺣﻴﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﻮﺟﺐ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﻟﻸﻣﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺭﻗﻢ 1593 ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻓﻲ 31 ﺁﺫﺍﺭ/ﻣﺎﺭﺱ 2005 ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺩﺓ 13(ﺏ) ﻣﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﻣﺎ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ.
ﻟﻠﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ، ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﺪ ﻓﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﷲ، ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻤﻲ ﻭﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﺆﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ ﺭﻗﻢ 46448938 6(0) 31+ ﺃﻭ 9152-515 70(0) 31+ - أوﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ: [email protected]
ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻜﻢ ﺃﺑﻀﺎ ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻧﺸﺎﻁﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﻳﻮﺗﻴﻮﺏ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺗﻮﻳﺘﺮ.