OngoingEn cours<div class="ExternalClassF34E839E100E4F5295BCD0E473327F91"><p> <strong>Jurisdiction – General status</strong></p><p>The Union of the Comoros deposited its instrument of accession to the Rome Statute on 18 August 2006. The Court therefore has jurisdiction over crimes listed in the Rome Statute committed on the territory of Comoros or by its nationals from 1 November 2006 onwards. Under article 12(2)(a) of the Rome Statute this includes jurisdiction over vessels or aircraft registered to the Comoros.</p><p> <strong>Procedural history and focus of the preliminary examination</strong></p><p>On 14 May 2013 a law firm acting on behalf of the Government of the Union of the Comoros transmitted to the OTP a referral &quot;of the Union of the Comoros with respect to the 31 May 2010 Israeli raid on the Humanitarian Aid Flotilla bound for Gaza Strip, requesting the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court pursuant to articles 12, 13 and 14 of the Rome Statute to initiate an investigation into the crimes committed within the Court's jurisdiction, arising from this raid''. On the same day the Prosecutor announced the opening of a preliminary examination on the referred situation, as is done as a matter of policy in instances of referrals from States parties. The OTP also received other communications in relation to the Flotilla incident. On 6 November 2013 the Prosecutor announced her decision that the requirements for opening an investigation into the situation had not been met, and thus the conclusion of the preliminary examination. On 16 July 2015, following a request for review presented by the Government of the Union of the Comoros, Pre-Trial Chamber I requested the Prosecutor to reconsider her decision. <span><span>On 6 November 2015, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) decided by majority to dismiss, in limine and without discussing its merits, the Prosecutor's appeal against the decision of Pre-Trial Chamber I requesting the Prosecutor to reconsider the decision.</span></span><br></p><p></p><div class="bio-box-left hide-this"><div class="h6_bold uppercase">Pre-Trial Chamber I</div><ol class="no-number h6_iccblue_bold biobox_main"><li> <a href="/CourtStructure/Pages/judge.aspx?name=Judge%20Joyce%20Aluoch">Judge Joyce Aluoch, Presiding Judge</a></li><li> <a href="/CourtStructure/Pages/judge.aspx?name=Judge%20Cuno%20Tarfusser">Judge Cuno Tarfusser</a></li><li> <a href="/CourtStructure/Pages/judge.aspx?name=Judge%20P%C3%A9ter%20Kov%C3%A1cs">Judge Péter Kovács</a></li></ol></div> <br style="clear&#58;both;"> </div><div class="ExternalClassD9D336FFFB9F402E9CA65EB3A1F38008"><p></p></div><p style="text-align&#58;justify;"> <strong>Compétence – Situation générale</strong></p><p>L'Union des Comores a déposé son instrument d'adhésion au Statut de Rome le 18&#160;août 2006. La Cour a donc compétence à l'égard des crimes visés par le Statut de Rome commis sur le territoire des Comores ou par ses ressortissants à compter du 1er&#160;novembre 2006. Conformément à l'article&#160;12‑2 du Statut de Rome, la Cour peut exercer sa compétence à l'égard des navires battant pavillon ou des aéronefs étant immatriculés aux Comores.</p><p style="text-align&#58;justify;"> <strong>Historique de la procédure et enjeu de l'examen préliminaire</strong></p><p>Le 14&#160;mai 2013, un cabinet d'avocats mandaté par le Gouvernement de l'Union des Comores a transmis au Bureau un renvoi «&#160;de l'Union des Comores relatif au raid israélien opéré le 31&#160;mai 2010 sur une flottille humanitaire qui se dirigeait vers la bande de Gaza, renvoi par lequel les autorités de ce pays, conformément aux articles&#160;12, 13 et 14 du Statut de Rome, ont demandé au Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale d'ouvrir une enquête sur les crimes relevant de la compétence de la Cour, commis lors de ce raid&#160;». Le même jour, le Procureur annonçait le déclenchement d'un examen préliminaire de la situation déférée, conformément aux politiques appliquées dans le cas d'un renvoi par un État partie. Le Bureau a également reçu d'autres communications relatives aux événements concernant la flottille. Le 6&#160;novembre 2013, le Procureur faisait part de sa décision selon laquelle les critères d'ouverture d'une enquête sur la situation n'étaient pas remplis, et annonçait donc la clôture de l'examen préliminaire.<span><span> Le 6 novembre 2015, la Chambre d'appel de la Cour pénale internationale(CPI) a décidé à la majorité de rejeter, in limine et sans en discuter les mérites, l'appel du Procureur contre la&#160;décision&#160;de la Chambre préliminaire I qui avait demandé au Procureur de reconsidérer sa décision.#</span></span></p><p></p><div class="bio-box-left hide-this" style="clear&#58;both;"><div class="h6_bold uppercase">Chambre de première instance I</div><ol class="no-number h6_iccblue_bold biobox_main"><li> <a href="/CourtStructure/Pages/judge.aspx?name=Judge%20Joyce%20Aluoch&amp;ln=fr">Mme la juge Joyce Aluoch, Presiding Judge</a></li><li> <a href="/CourtStructure/Pages/judge.aspx?name=Judge%20Cuno%20Tarfusser&amp;ln=fr">M. le Cuno Tarfusser</a></li><li> <a href="/CourtStructure/Pages/judge.aspx?name=Judge%20P%C3%A9ter%20Kov%C3%A1cs&amp;ln=fr">M. le Péter Kovács</a></li></ol></div> <br style="clear&#58;both;">Registered Vessels of Comoros, Greece and CambodiaLes navires battant pavillon comorien, grec et cambodgien


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Pre-Trial Chamber IDecision24/11/2016 06:00:00Decision on the Request for Withdrawal of CounselICC-01/13-56None (Situation only)Situation on Registered Vessels of the Union of the Comoros, the Hellenic Republic and the Kingdom of Cambodia2016-11-24T06:00:00Z
Other participantsSubmission21/11/2016 23:00:00Withdrawal as Counsel for the Government of the Union of the Comoros and as Legal Representative of Victims in Situation ICC-01/13ICC-01/13-55None (Situation only)Situation on Registered Vessels of the Union of the Comoros, the Hellenic Republic and the Kingdom of Cambodia2016-11-21T23:00:00Z
Pre-Trial Chamber IDecision25/09/2016 22:00:00Decision on the Requests for Withdrawal of the Legal Representative of Victims pursuant to Regulation 82 of the Regulations of the CourtICC-01/13-54None (Situation only)Situation on Registered Vessels of the Union of the Comoros, the Hellenic Republic and the Kingdom of Cambodia2016-09-25T22:00:00Z


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