​​

Defendants

37 defendants


A

Al Bashir, Omar Hassan Ahmad

At large

BACKGROUND
President of the Republic of Sudan since 16 October 1993 at time of warrants. Arrest warrants: 4 March 2009 and 12 July 2010

CHARGES
Charges: five counts of crimes against humanity: murder, extermination, forcible transfer, torture, and rape; two counts of war crimes: intentionally directing attacks against a civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking part in hostilities, and pillaging; three counts of genocide: by killing, by causing serious bodily or mental harm, and by deliberately inflicting on each target group conditions of life calculated to bring about the group's physical destruction, allegedly committed at least between 2003 and 2008 in Darfur, Sudan

See Al Bashir Case

Al Faqi Al Mahdi, Ahmad

In custody

BACKGROUND
Alleged member of Ansar Eddine, a movement associated with Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, head of the "Hisbah" until September 2012, and associated with the work of the Islamic Court of Timbuktu. Arrest warrant: 28 September 2015

CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty as a co-perpetrator of the war crime consisting in intentionally directing attacks against religious and historic buildings in Timbuktu, Mali, in June and July 2012. Sentenced to nine years' imprisonment, the time spent by the suspect in detention being deducted from the sentence.


See Al Mahdi Case

Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud makes first appearance before the ICC, Al Hassan Ag


BACKGROUND
Alleged member of Ansar Eddine and de facto chief of Islamic police. Alleged to have been involved in the work of the Islamic court in Timbuktu.

CHARGES
Charges: Suspected of crimes against humanity (torture, rape and sexual slavery; persecution of the inhabitants of Timbuktu on religious and gender grounds; and other inhumane acts) and of war crimes (rape and sexual slavery; violence to person and outrages upon personal dignity; attacks intentionally directed against buildings dedicated to religion and historic monuments; and the passing of sentences without previous judgement pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all judicial guarantees which are generally recognized as indispensable) committed in Timbuktu, Mali, between April 2012 and January 2013.

See Al Hassan Case

Ali Abd-Al-Rahman, Ali Muhammad ("Ali Kushayb")

At large

BACKGROUND
Alleged leader of the Militia/Janjaweed, at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 27 April 2007

CHARGES
Charges: 22 counts of crimes against humanity: murder, deportation or forcible transfer of population, imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law, torture, persecution, and inhumane acts of inflicting serious bodily injury and suffering; and 28 counts of war crimes: violence to life and person, outrage upon personal dignity in particular humiliating and degrading treatment, intentionally directing an attack against a civilian population, pillaging, rape, and destroying or seizing the property, allegedly committed at least between 2003 and 2004 in Darfur, Sudan

See Harun and Kushayb Case

Al-Senussi, Abdullah

Case inadmissible

BACKGROUND
Colonel in the Libyan Armed Forces and head of the Military Intelligence, at time of arrest warrant. Arrest warrant: 27 June 2011

CHARGES
Charges: two counts of crimes against humanity allegedly committed in 2011 in Libya. Case against Al-Senussi declared inadmissible before the ICC on 11 October 2013 due to national proceedings in Libya regarding the same crimes. Case also involved charges against Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi and Muammar Gaddafi in warrant issued on 27 June 2011. Case against Muammar Gaddafi was terminated on 22 November 2011, following his passing.

See Gaddafi Case

Al-Werfalli, Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf

At large

BACKGROUND
Nationality: Libyan Date of birth: 1978 Function: Commander in the Al-Saiqa Brigade

CHARGES
Charges: Mr Al-Werfalli is alleged to have directly committed and to have ordered the commission of murder as a war crime in the context of seven incidents, involving 33 persons, which took place from on or before 3 June 2016 until on or about 17 July 2017 in Benghazi or surrounding areas, in Libya as well as Murder as a war crime in the context of an eighth incident which took place on 24 January 2018, when Mr. Al-Werfalli allegedly shot dead 10 persons in front of the Bi'at al-Radwan Mosque in Benghazi, Libya.

 



See Al-Werfalli Case

Arido, Narcisse

In custody

BACKGROUND

National of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Arrest warrant: 20 November 2013 - unsealed on 28 November 2013



CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty of various offences against the administration of justice related to the false testimonies of defence witnesses in the Bemba case. Case also involved charges against Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, and Fidèle Babala Wandu.

See Bemba et al. Case


B

Babala Wandu, Fidèle

In custody

BACKGROUND

National of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Member of Parliament in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Arrest warrant: 20 November 2013, unsealed on 28 November 2013



CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty of various offences against the administration of justice related to false testimonies in the Bemba case. Case also involved charges against Messrs Bemba Gombo, Kilolo Musamba, Mangenda Kabongo, and Arido.

See Bemba et al. Case

Banda Abakaer Nourain, Abdallah

At large

BACKGROUND
Commander-in-Chief of Justice and Equality Mouvement Collective-Leadership at time of warrant. Summons to appear: Issued under seal on 27 August 2009 | Unsealed on 15 June 2010. Arrest warrant: 11 September 2014

CHARGES
Charges: three war crimes: violence to life, whether committed or attempted, intentionally directing attacks against personnel, installations, material, units or vehicles involved in a peacekeeping mission, and pillaging, allegedly committed during an attack carried out on 29 September 2007 in Darfur, Sudan. Case also involved Saleh Mohammed Jerbo Jamus but proceedings against him were terminated on 4 October 2013 following his passing.

See Banda Case

Barasa, Walter Osapiri

At large

BACKGROUND

National of Kenya. Arrest warrant: 2 August 2013 - Unsealed on 2 October 2013



CHARGES
Charges: three counts of offences against the administration of justice consisting in corruptly influencing or attempting to corruptly influence three ICC witnesses regarding cases from the situation in Kenya

See Barasa Case

Bemba Gombo, Jean-Pierre


BACKGROUND

President and Commander-in-chief of the Mouvement de libération du Congo, at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 20 November 2013, unsealed on 28 November 2013



CHARGES
Charges: Offences against the administration of justice, including corruptly influencing witnesses in the Bemba case. Case also involved charges against Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, Fidèle Babala Wandu, and Narcisse Arido.

See Bemba et al. Case | See Bemba Case |

Bett, Philip Kipkoech

At large

BACKGROUND

Also known as "Kipseng'erya", residing in KenyaArrest warrant: 10 March 2015 - unsealed on 10 September 2015



CHARGES

Charges: offences against the administration of justice consisting in corruptly influencing witnesses regarding cases from the situation in Kenya. Case also involves charges against Paul Gicheru.



See Gicheru and Bett Case

Blé Goudé, Charles

In custody

BACKGROUND

Ivorian national. Arrest warrant: 21 December 2011



CHARGES
Charges: four counts of crimes against humanity: murder, rape and other forms of sexual violence, persecution, and other inhuman acts, allegedly committed during the 2010-2011 post-election violence in Côte d’Ivoire. The Blé Goudé and Gbagbo cases were joined on 11 March 2015.

See Gbagbo and Blé Goudé Case


G

Gaddafi, Muammar Mohammed

Deceased: proceedings terminated

BACKGROUND
Commander of the Armed Forces of Libya and holding the title of Leader of the Revolution, and as such, acting as the Libyan Head of State, at time of the warrant. Case terminated on 22 November 2011, following his death. Arrest warrant: 27 June 2011

CHARGES
Charges: two counts of crimes against humanity allegedly committed in 2011 in Libya. Case also involved charges against Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi and Abdullah Al-Senussi. Case against Mr Al-Senussi declared inadmissible on 11 October 2013. Case against Muammar Gaddafi terminated on 22 November 2011.

See Gaddafi Case

Gaddafi, Saif Al-Islam

At large

BACKGROUND
Honorary chairman of the Gaddafi International Charity and Development Foundation and acting as the Libyan de facto Prime Minister, at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 27 June 2011

CHARGES
Charges: two counts of crimes against humanity: murder and persecution, allegedly committed in 2011 in Libya. Case also involved charges Muammar Gaddafi and Abdullah Al-Senussi in warrant issued on 27 June 2011. Case against Abdullah Al-Senussi was declared inadmissible on 11 October 2013. Case against Muammar Gaddafi was terminated on 22 November 2011, following his death.

See Gaddafi Case

Gbagbo, Laurent

In custody

BACKGROUND

Ivorian national and former President of Côte d'Ivoire, at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 23 November 2011



CHARGES
Charges: four counts of crimes against humanity: murder, rape, other inhumane acts or – in the alternative – attempted murder, and persecution, allegedly committed during the 2010-2011 post-election violence in Côte d'Ivoire. The Blé Goudé and Gbagbo cases were joined on 11 March 2015.

See Gbagbo and Blé Goudé Case

Gbagbo, Simone

At large

BACKGROUND

Ivorian national. Arrest warrant: 29 February 2012 - Unsealed on 22 November 2012



CHARGES
Charges: four counts of crimes against humanity: murder, rape and other sexual violence, persecution and other inhuman acts, allegedly committed during the 2010-2011 post-election violence in Côte d’Ivoire

See Simone Gbagbo Case

Gicheru, Paul

At large

BACKGROUND

Lawyer based in Kenya. Arrest warrant: 10 March 2015 - unsealed on 10 September 2015



CHARGES

Charges: offences against the administration of justice consisting in corruptly influencing witnesses regarding cases from the situation in Kenya. Case also involves charges against Philip Kipkoech Bett.



See Gicheru and Bett Case


H

Harun, Ahmad Muhammad ("Ahmad Harun")

At large

BACKGROUND
Minister of State for the Interior of the Government of Sudan, at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 27 April 2007

CHARGES
Charges: 20 counts of crimes against humanity: murder, persecution, forcible transfer of population, rape, inhumane acts, imprisonment or severe deprivation of, and torture; and 22 counts of war crimes: murder, attacks against the civilian population, destruction of property, rape, pillaging, and outrage upon personal dignity, allegedly committed at least between 2003 and 2004 in Darfur, Sudan. Case also involves charges against Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman (“Ali Kushayb”).

See Harun and Kushayb Case

Hussein, Abdel Raheem Muhammad

At large

BACKGROUND
Minister of National Defence (former Minister of the Interior and former Sudanese President’s Special Representative in Darfur), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 1 March 2012

CHARGES
Charges: 7 counts of crimes against humanity: persecution, murder, forcible transfer, rape, inhumane acts, imprisonment or severe deprivation of liberty, and torture; and 6 counts of war crimes: murder, attacks against a civilian population, destruction of property, rape, pillaging, and outrage upon personal dignity, allegedly committed at least between 2003 and 2004 in Darfur, Sudan

See Hussein Case


J

Jerbo, Saleh

Deceased: proceedings terminated

BACKGROUND
Sudanese Liberation Army-Unity’s Chief of Staff (and later integrated into the Justice and Equality Movement), at time of summons. Summons to appear: 27 August 2009 - Unsealed on 15 June 2010

CHARGES
Charges: three war crimes allegedly committed during an attack carried out on 29 September 2007 in Darfur, Sudan. Proceedings terminated by Trial Chamber IV on 4 October 2013 after receiving evidence pointing towards his death. Case also involved charges against Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain.

See Banda Case


K

Katanga, Germain

In custody

BACKGROUND
Alleged commander of the Force de résistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI) at time of arrest warrant. Arrest warrant: 2 July 2007 - Unsealed on 15 October 2007

CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty, as an accessory, of one count of crime against humanity: murder; and four counts of war crimes: murder, attacking a civilian population, destruction of property and pillaging, committed on 24 February 2003 during the attack on the village of Bogoro, in the Ituri district of the DRC. Case also involved charges against Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui but the 2 cases were severed on 21 November 2012. Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui was acquitted on 18 December 2012.

See Katanga Case

Khaled, Al-Tuhamy Mohamed

At large

BACKGROUND
Libyan national, born in 1942 in the Janzour area of Libya, west of Tripoli. Alleged former Lieutenant General of the Libyan army and former head of the Libyan Internal Security Agency (ISA).

CHARGES

Charges: 4 crimes against humanity: imprisonment, torture, persecution, and other inhumane acts allegedly committed in Libya from 15 February 2011 until 24 August 2011; and 3 war crimes: torture, cruel treatment and outrages upon personal dignity allegedly committed in Libya from at least early March 2011 to 24 August 2011.



See Khaled Case

Kilolo, Aimé

In custody

BACKGROUND

National of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; former Defense Counsel for Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo. Arrest warrant: 20 November 2013 – unsealed on 28 November 2013



CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty of various offences against the administration of justice related to the false testimonies of defence witnesses in the Bemba case. Charged together with Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, Fidèle Babala Wandu and Narcisse Arido.

See Bemba et al. Case

Kony, Joseph

At large

BACKGROUND
Alleged Commander-in-Chief of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 8 July 2005

CHARGES
Charges: 12 counts of crimes against humanity: murder, enslavement, sexual enslavement, rape, inhumane acts of inflicting serious bodily injury and suffering; and 21 counts of war crimes: murder, cruel treatment of civilians, intentionally directing an attack against a civilian population, pillaging, inducing rape, and forced enlistment of children, allegedly committed after 1 July 2002 in northern Uganda. Case also involves Vincent Otti. While case originally involved Raska Lukwiya and Okot Odhiambo, proceedings against them were terminated due to their passing.

See Kony et al. Case


L

Lubanga Dylio, Thomas

In custody

BACKGROUND
Former President of the Union des Patriotes Congolais/Forces Patriotiques pour la Libération du Congo (UPC/FPLC). Arrest warrant: 10 February 2006 - Unsealed on 17 March 2006

CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty, on 14 March 2012, of the war crimes of enlisting and conscripting children under the age of 15 years and using them to participate actively in hostilities

See Lubanga Case

Lukwiya, Raska

Deceased: proceedings terminated

BACKGROUND
Deputy Army Commander of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 8 July 2005

CHARGES
Charges: one crime against humanity and three war crimes allegedly committed after 1 July 2002 in northern Uganda. Case against him terminated on 11 July 2007, following his passing. Case also involved Joseph Kony, Vincent Otti and Okot Odhiambo. Proceedings against Okot Odhiambo were also terminated due to his passing.

See Kony et al. Case


M

Mangenda Kabongo, Jean-Jacques

In custody

BACKGROUND

National of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; a former Defence team member of Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo. Arrest warrant: 20 November 2013 – Unsealed on 28 November 2013



CHARGES
Charges: Found guilty of various offences against the administration of justice related to the false testimonies of defence witnesses in the Bemba case. Charged together with Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Fidèle Babala Wandu and Narcisse Arido.

See Bemba et al. Case

Mudacumura, Sylvestre

At large

BACKGROUND
Alleged Supreme Commander of the Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Rwanda, at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 27 August 2009 - Unsealed on 15 June 2010

CHARGES
Charges: nine counts of war crimes: attacking civilians, murder, mutilation, cruel treatment, rape, torture, destruction of property, pillaging and outrages against personal dignity, allegedly committed between 2009 and 2010, in the context of the conflict in the Kivus, in the DRC

See Mudacumura Case

Muthaura, Francis Kirimi

Charges withdrawn

BACKGROUND
Head of the Public Service and Secretary to the Cabinet and Chairman of the National Security Advisory Committee, at time of summons. Summons to appear: 8 March 2011

CHARGES
Charges: five crimes against humanity allegedly committed during the 2007-2008 post-election violence in Kenya. Judges confirmed charges on 23 January 2012 but Prosecutor withdrew them on 11 March 2013. Case also involved charges against Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta and Mohammed Hussein Ali. Judges declined to confirm charges against Mohammed Hussein Ali on 23 January 2012. Proceedings against Mr Kenyatta were terminated on 13 March 2015.

See Kenyatta Case


N

Ngudjolo Chui, Mathieu


BACKGROUND
Leader of the Front des nationalistes et intégrationnistes (FNI), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 6 July 2007 – unsealed on 7 February 2008

CHARGES
Charges: three crimes against humanity and seven war crimes allegedly committed on 24 February 2003 during an attack against the Bogoro village in the Ituri district of the DRC. Acquitted on 18 December 2012. Acquittal confirmed in appeals on 27 February 2015. Case also involved charges against Germain Katanga but the 2 cases were severed on 21 November 2012. Germain Katanga was found guilty on 7 March 2014.

See Ngudjolo Chui Case

Ntaganda, Bosco

In custody

BACKGROUND
Alleged Deputy Chief of Staff and commander of operations of the Forces Patriotiques pour la Libération du Congo (FPLC). Arrest warrants: 22 August 2006 - unsealed on 28 April 2008; second warrant: 13 July 2012

CHARGES
Charges: 13 counts of war crimes and 5 counts of crimes against humanity allegedly committed in 2002-2003 in the Ituri district of the DRC.

See Ntaganda Case


O

Odhiambo, Okot

Deceased: proceedings terminated

BACKGROUND
Alleged Deputy Army Commander of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 8 July 2005 - Unsealed on 13 October 2005

CHARGES
Charges: two counts of crimes against humanity: murder and enslavement; and eight counts of war crimes: murder, intentionally directing an attack against a civilian population, pillaging, and forced enlistment of children, allegedly committed after 1 July 2002 in northern Uganda. Case against him terminated on 10 September 2015, following his passing. Case also involved Joseph Kony, Vincent Otti and Raska Lukwiya. Proceedings against Raska Lukwiya were also terminated due to his passing.

See Kony et al. Case

Ongwen, Dominic

In custody

BACKGROUND
Alleged Brigade Commander of the Sinia Brigade of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 8 July 2005 - Unsealed on 13 October 2005

CHARGES
Charges: 70 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes allegedly committed after 1 July 2002 in northern Uganda

See Ongwen Case

Otti, Vincent

At large

BACKGROUND
Alleged Vice-Chairman and Second-in-Command of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), at time of warrant. Arrest warrant: 8 July 2005 - Unsealed on 13 October 2005

CHARGES
Charges: 11 counts of crimes against humanity: murder, sexual enslavement, inhumane acts of inflicting serious bodily injury and suffering; and 21 counts of war crimes: inducing rape, intentionally directing an attack against a civilian population, forced enlistment of children, cruel treatment of civilians, pillaging, and murder, allegedly committed after 1 July 2002 in northern Uganda. Case also involved Joseph Kony, Raska Lukwiya and Okot Odhiambo. Proceedings against Raska Lukwiya and Okot Odhiambo were terminated due to their passing.

See Kony et al. Case


R

Ruto, William Samoei


BACKGROUND
Kenyan Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology (suspended), MP for Eldoret North (and during the post-election violence, MP for Eldoret North), at time of summons. Summons to appear: 8 March 2011

CHARGES
Charges: three crimes against humanity: murder, deportation or forcible transfer of population, and persecution, allegedly committed during the 2007-2008 post-election violence in Kenya. Case against William Samoei Ruto and Joshua Arap Sang was terminated on 5 April 2016. Case also involved Henry Kiprono Kosgey and Joshua Arap Sang. Judges declined to confirm the charges against Mr Kosgey on 23 January 2012.

See Ruto and Sang Case


S

Sang, Joshua Arap


BACKGROUND
Head of operations at Kass FMin Nairobi, Kenya (and during the post-election violence, a radio broadcaster), at time of summons. Summons to appear: 8 March 2011

CHARGES
Charges: three crimes against humanity: murder, deportation or forcible transfer of population, and persecution, allegedly committed during the 2007-2008 post-election violence in Kenya. Case also involved Henry Kiprono Kosgey and William Samoei Ruto. Judges declined to confirm the charges against Mr Kosgey on 23 January 2012. Case against Joshua Arap Sang and William Samoei Ruto was terminated on 5 April 2016.

See Ruto and Sang Case