Situation in the Republic of Mali

Situation referred to the ICC by the Government of Mali: July 2012

ICC investigations opened: January 2013

Current focus: Alleged war crimes committed in Mali since January 2012

Current regional focus: Mainly in three northern regions, Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu, with certain incidents in Bamako and Sévaré, in the south

​Jurisdiction in the general situation

Mali ratified the Rome Statute on 16 August 2000 and referred the situation in its territory since January 2012 to the ICC. The ICC may exercise its jurisdiction over crimes listed in the Rome Statute committed on the territory of Mali or by its nationals from 1 July 2002 onwards.

Context and alleged crimes

The investigations in Mali have focussed on alleged war crimes committed since January 2012, mainly in three northern regions of Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu, with incidents also occurring in the south in Bamako and Sévaré.

In opening the investigation in January 2013, the Office of the Prosecutor issued an Article 53(1) Report, which states: “In 2012, the Situation in Mali was marked by two main events: first, the emergence of a rebellion in the North on or around 17 January, which resulted in Northern Mali being seized by armed groups; and second a coup d’état by a military junta on 22 March, which led to the ousting of President TOURE shortly before Presidential elections could take place, originally scheduled for 29 April 2012.”

The report indicates that the rebellion in the north involved deliberate damaging of shrines of Muslim saints in the city of Timbuktu, attacks on a military bases in Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu, alleged execution of between 70 and 153 detainees at Aguelhok, and incidents of looting and rape. Separately, incidents of torture and enforced disappearances were reported in the context of the military coup.  

The Prosecutor alleges that there is a reasonable basis to believe that the following crimes have been committed in Mali:

  • war crimes, including murder; mutilation, cruel treatment and torture; intentionally directing attacks against protected objects; the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgement pronounced by a regularly constituted court; pillaging; and rape

Situation in Mali, Article 53(1) Report
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Found guilty, sentenced to 9 years. Reparations Order for victims pronounced by judges and is final

Al Mahdi case: "In the Courtroom" programme , 17 August 2017 (Reparations Order)

YouTube (for viewing):
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Video (MPEG-4) for download:
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Audio (MPEG-3) for download:
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Mr Al Mahdi’s apology

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Video (MPEG-4) for download:
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English, Français, Bambara, Songhay, Tamasheq, العربية

The warrant of arrest for Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud was issued on 27 March 2018. He was surrendered to the ICC on 31 March 2018. He is in the Court's custody. The confirmation of charges hearing took place from 8 to 17 July 2019. On 30 September 2019, Pre-Trial Chamber I issued a confidential decision confirming the charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity brought by the Prosecutor against Mr Al Hassan and committed him to trial.

Next steps: A redacted version of the confirmation decision will be published later.

Questions and Answers on the confirmation of charges: English, Français, العربية

"Ask the Court" Audio-visual programme: English, Français, العربية