Alleged crimes (non-exhaustive list)
Pre-Trial Chamber I declined to confirm the charges against Callixte Mbarushimana and did not commit the case to trial. The case is considered closed unless and until the Prosecutor submits new evidence.
Callixte Mbarushimana was the alleged Executive Secretary of the
Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Rwanda -
Forces Combattantes Abacunguzi (FDLR-FCA, FDLR). He was charged with 8 counts of war crimes and 5 counts of crimes against humanity for alleged crimes in North and South Kivus, the DRC, in 2009. However, the Pre-Trial Chamber, with the presiding judge dissenting, found that Mr Mbarushimana did not provide any contribution to the commission of the alleged crimes, even less a "significant" one.
Despite declining the charges in this particular case, the Chamber did recognize that there were reasonable grounds to believe that the FDLR committed war crimes in North and South Kivus in 2009:
In 2009, an armed conflict not of an international character took place in the North and South Kivus, DRC, between the forces of the DRC Government, supported at times by Rwandese forces (RDF) or the forces of the United Nations Mission in the DRC, on the one side, and at least one organised armed group, the
Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Rwanda - Forces Combattantes Abacunguzi (FDLR), on the other.
FDLR troops committed several war crimes, particularly in Busurungi and surrounding villages in March 2009 (murder) as well as in May 2009 (attacking civilians, murder, mutilation, rape, cruel treatment, destruction of property and pillaging); in Manje in July 2009 (attacking civilians, murder, cruel treatment and destruction of property); in Malembe in August 2009 (attacking civilians and destruction of property), and in Mianga in April 2009 (attacking civilians, murder and destruction of property).