The ICC's 18 judges are elected by the Assembly of States Parties for their qualifications, impartiality and integrity, and serve 9-year, non-renewable terms. They ensure fair trials and render decisions, but also issue arrest warrants or summonses to appear, authorize victims to participate, order witness protection measures, and more. They also elect, from among themselves, the ICC President and two Vice-Presidents, who head the Court.
ICC judges, March 2018 © ICC-CPI
The Court has three Judicial Divisions, which hear matters as different stages of the proceedings: Pre-Trial, Trial and Appeals.