Trial stage

When a trial starts, the charges are read out to the accused, who is asked to confirm his or her understanding of the charges, and to either plead guilty or not guilty. During the trial, the Prosecution and Defence each present their cases, and the Legal Representatives of Victims present the victims' views and concerns. At the end of the trial, the judges either acquit the accused or find the accused guilty, based on the evidence. If the judges find the accused guilty, they render a verdict of guilt and later a decision on the sentence. The maximum sentence is 30 years, or in extreme circumstances, life imprisonment. The judges may also render a decision on reparations for victims. The verdict and these decisions may be appealed.

​On 8 July 2019, ICC Trial Chamber VI found Bosco Ntaganda guilty, beyond reasonable doubt, of 18 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, committed in Ituri, DRC, in 2002-2003. On 7 November 2019, Bosco Ntaganda was sentenced to a total of 30 years of imprisonment. The time he spent in ICC detention - from 22 March 2013 to 7 November 2019 - will be deducted from this sentence.

Next steps: The verdict is currently subject to appeals. The parties can also appeal the sentencing judgment within thirty days. Issues related to the procedure for victims' reparations will be addressed in due course.

Preliminary examinations


Situations under investigation