Trial stage

When a trial starts, the charges are read out to the accused, who is asked to confirm his or her understanding of the charges, and to either plead guilty or not guilty. During the trial, the Prosecution and Defence each present their cases, and the Legal Representatives of Victims present the victims' views and concerns. At the end of the trial, the judges either acquit the accused or find the accused guilty, based on the evidence. If the judges find the accused guilty, they render a verdict of guilt and later a decision on the sentence. The maximum sentence is 30 years, or in extreme circumstances, life imprisonment. The judges may also render a decision on reparations for victims. The verdict and these decisions may be appealed.

The Blé Goudé case and Gbagbo case were joined on 11 March 2015. The trial began on 28 January 2016. On 15 January 2019, Trial Chamber I, by majority, acquitted Mr Laurent Gbagbo and Mr Charles Blé Goudé from all charges of crimes against humanity allegedly committed in Côte d'Ivoire in 2010 and 2011. On 1 February 2019, the Appeals Chamber set conditions to be imposed on Mr Gbagbo and Mr Blé Goudé upon their release to a State willing to accept them on its territory and willing and able to enforce the conditions set by the Chamber. Mr Gbagbo and Mr Blé Goudé are not in the ICC detention centre anymore as an interim measure pending their release with conditions.

Next steps: A fully reasoned decision will be issued in writing in due course. The Prosecutor may appeal the decision after the full decision is filed.

​On 8 July 2019, ICC Trial Chamber VI found Bosco Ntaganda guilty, beyond reasonable doubt, of 18 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, committed in Ituri, DRC, in 2002-2003.

Next steps: Trial Chamber VI will determine Mr Ntaganda's sentence. Mr Ntaganda continues to be detained pending the decision on the sentence. The parties may appeal the conviction within thirty days. Issues related to the procedure for victims' reparations will be addressed in due course.

Preliminary examinations


Situations under investigation