Closed stage

Cases may be closed once a conviction/sentence or an acquittal becomes final [usually after appellate review], although a case involving a conviction/sentence [i.e. not an acquittal] may be reopened for revision (see article 84). However, cases may also be closed at other stages of the proceedings, for example if the charges are withdrawn due to either a lack of evidence or due to the defendant's death, or if the judges decide not to confirm the charges and not to commit the case to trial due to a lack of evidence. In the latter event, the Prosecutor can "re-open" the case based on new evidence.

Charges withdrawn

The confirmation of charges hearing took place from 21 September to 5 October 2011. Charges withdrawn due to insufficient evidence. Case also involved charges against Francis Kirimi Muthaura and Mohammed Hussein Ali. Judges declined to confirm charges against Mohammed Hussein Ali on 23 January 2012.

Next steps: The case is considered closed unless and until the Prosecutor submits new evidence.

Case information sheet: English, Français
 

Charges vacated

On 5 April 2016, Trial Chamber V(A) decided, by majority that the case against William Samoei Ruto and Joshua Arap Sang is to be terminated. The parties have not appealed this decision. Case also involved Henry Kiprono Kosgey. Judges declined to confirm the charges against Mr Kosgey on 23 January 2012.

Case information sheet: English, Français
 

Questions and answers arising from the decision of no-case to answer in the case of Prosecutor v. Ruto and Sang

Charges not confirmed

On 8 February 2010, Pre-Trial Chamber I decided not to confirm the charges against Mr Abu Garda, and later rejected the Prosecutor's application to appeal the decision.

Next steps: The case is considered closed unless and until the Prosecutor presents new evidence.

Case information sheet: English, Français
 

Acquitted

On 18 December 2012, Trial Chamber II acquitted Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui of the charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity and ordered his immediate release. The Prosecution appealed the verdict on 20 December 2012. On 27 February 2015, the verdict was upheld by the Appeals Chamber.

Next steps: Case closed.

Case information sheet: English, Français
 
Charges not confirmed

Pre-Trial Chamber I declined to confirm the charges against Callixte Mbarushimana and did not commit the case to trial. The Prosecution's appeal was dismissed. On 23 December 2011, Mr Mbarushimana was released from the ICC custody.

Next steps: The case is considered closed unless and until the Prosecutor submits new evidence.

Case information sheet: English, Français
 
Preliminary examinations

8

Situations under investigation

11

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