Darfur, Sudan



ICC-02/05

Investigation

Situation in Darfur, Sudan


Referral - 31.03.2005
English | Français

Decision to open investigation
 - 06.06.2005 
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ICC-02/05-01/07

Pre-trial

The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Muhammad Harun ("Ahmad Harun") and Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman ("Ali Kushayb")


Ahmad Muhammad Harun ("Ahmad Harun")

Ahmad Muhammad Harun

Former Minister of State for the Interior of the Government of Sudan;
Minister of State for Humanitarian Affairs of Sudan.

Prosecution application for a warrant of arrest
27 February 2007
Warrant of arrest issued by Pre-Trial Chamber I
27 April 2007
At large
Counts

Mr Harun is allegedly criminally responsible for 42 counts on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility under articles 25(3)(b) and 25(3)(d) of the Rome Statute, including:

  • Twenty counts of crimes against humanity: murder (article7(1)(a)); persecution (article 7(1)(h)); forcible transfer of population(article 7(1)(d)); rape (article 7(1)(g)); inhumane acts (article 7(1)(k)); imprisonment or severe deprivation of liberty (article 7(1)(e)); and torture (article 7(1)(f)); and
  • Twenty-two counts of war crimes: murder (article 8(2)(c)(i)); attacks against the civilian population (article 8(2)(e)(i)); destruction of property (article 8(2)(e)(xii)); rape (article 8(2)(e)(vi)); pillaging (article 8(2)(e)(v)); and outrage upon personal dignity (article 8(2)(c)(ii)).

Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman ("Ali Kushayb")

Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman  Alleged leader of the Militia/Janjaweed.
Prosecution application for a warrant of arrest
27 February 2007
Warrant of arrest issued by Pre-Trial Chamber I
27 April 2007
At large
Counts

Mr Kushayb is allegedly criminally responsible for 50 counts on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility under articles 25(3)(a) and 25(3)(d) of the Rome Statute, including:

  • Twenty-two counts of crimes against humanity: murder (article 7(1)(a)); deportation or forcible transfer of population (article 7(1)(d)); imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law (article 7(1)(e)); torture (article 7(1)(f)); persecution (article 7(1)(h)); and inhumane acts of inflicting serious bodily injury and suffering (article 7(1)(k)).
  • Twenty-eight counts of war crimes: violence to life and person (article 8(2)(c)(i)); outrage upon personal dignity in particular humiliating and degrading treatment (article 8(2)(c)(ii)); intentionally directing an attack against a civilian population (article 8(2)(e)(i)); pillaging (article 8(2)(e)(v)); rape (article 8(2)(e)(vi)); and destroying or seizing the property (article 8(2)(e)(xii)).

 




ICC-02/05-01/09

Pre-trial

The Prosecutor v. Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir


Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir


©UN Photo / Stuart Price
Born on 1 January 1944 in Hoshe Bannaga, Shendi Governorate in the Sudan.
National of Sudan.
President of the Republic of Sudan since 16 October 1993.
Prosecution application for a warrant of arrest
14 July 2008
First warrant of arrest issued by Pre-Trial Chamber I

Second warrant of arrest issued by Pre-Trial
Chamber I
4 March 2009


12 July 2010
 At large
Counts

Mr Al Bashir is allegedly criminaly responsible ten counts on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility under Article 25(3)(a) of the Rome Statute as an indirect (co) perpetrator including:

  • five counts of crimes against humanity: murder - Article 7(1)(a);
    extermination - Article 7(1)(b); forcible transfer - Article 7(1)(d); torture - Article 7(1)(f); and rape - Article 7(1)(g);
  • two counts of war crimes: intentionally directing attacks against a
    civilian population as such or against individual civilians not taking part in hostilities -Article 8(2)(e)(i); and pillaging - Article 8(2)(e)(v).
  • Three counts of genocide: genocide by killing (article 6-a), genocide by causing serious bodily or mental harm (article 6-b) and genocide by deliberately inflicting on each target group conditions of life calculated to bring about the group’s physical destruction (article 6-c).



ICC-02/05-02/09

Pre-trial

The Prosecutor v. Bahar Idriss Abu Garda


Bahar Idriss Abu Garda

Born in Nana, North Darfur. Believed to be in his early forties.

Tribe Zaghawa.

Chairman and General Coordinator of Military Operations of the United Resistance Front.

Summons to appear issued under seal  7 May 2009
Unseald 17 May 2009
First appearence 18 May 2009
Confirmation Hearing 19-29 October 2009
Counts

Pre-Trial Chamber I is of the opinion that there are reasonable grounds to believe that Mr Abu Garda is criminally responsible as a co-perpetrator or as an indirect co-perpetrator for three war crimes under article 25(3)(a) of the Rome Statute:

  • violence to life in the form of murder, whether committed or attempted, within the meaning of article 8(2)(c)(i) of the Statute;
  • intentionally directing attacks against personnel, installations, material, units or vehicles involved in a peacekeeping mission within the meaning of article 8(2)(e)(iii) of the Statute; and
  • pillaging within the meaning of article 8(2)(e)(v) of the Statute.

On 8 February 2010, Pre-Trial Chamber I refused to confirm the charges against Mr Abu Garda. On 23 April, 2010, Pre-Trial Chamber I issued a decision rejecting the Prosecutor's application to appeal the decision declining to confirm the charges. The decision does not preclude the Prosecution from subsequently requesting confirmation of the charges if such a request is supported by additional evidence.




ICC-02/05-03/09

Pre-trial

The Prosecutor v. Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain


Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain

Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain ©ICC-CPI/Toussaint Kluiters Commander-in-Chief of Justice and Equality Mouvement Collective-Leadership, one of the components of the United Resistance Front
Summonses to appear:

Issued under seal on 27 August, 2009

Unsealed on 15 June, 2010
First appearence: 17 June 2010
Confirmation of charges hearings: 8 December 2010
Decision on the confirmation of charges: 7 March 2011
Opening of the trial: scheduled on 5 May 2014
 
Proceedings against Saleh Mohammed Jerbo Jamus were terminated by Trial Chamber IV on 4 October 2013 after receiving evidence pointing towards his death.

Counts 

Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain (Banda) is allegedly criminally responsible as co-perpetrators for three war crimes under article 25(3)(a) of the Rome Statute:

  • violence to life, whether committed or attempted, within the meaning of article 8(2)(c)(i) of the Statute;
  • intentionally directing attacks against personnel, installations, material, units or vehicles involved in a peacekeeping mission within the meaning of article 8(2)(e)(iii) of the Statute; and
  • pillaging within the meaning of article 8(2)(e)(v) of the Statute.




ICC-02/05-01/12

Pre-trial

The Prosecutor v. Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein


Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein

Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein Age: Over sixty
Place of birth: Born in or around Dankla in Karma city in North Khartoum
Nationality: Sudanese
Status Current Minister of National Defence and former Minister of the Interior and former Sudanese President’s Special Representative in Darfur
Warrant of arrest 1 March 2012
Status of proceedings The execution of the arrest warrant is pending
Counts

The warrant of arrest for Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein (“Hussein”) lists thirteen counts on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility under article 25(3)(a) of the Rome Statute as an indirect (co)perpetrator including:

  • Seven counts of crimes against humanity: persecution (article 7(l)(h)); murder (article 7(1)(a)); forcible transfer (article 7(1)(d)); rape (article 7(1)(g)); inhumane acts (article 7(l)(k)); imprisonment or severe deprivation of liberty (article 7(l)(e)); and torture (article 7(1)(f)).
  • Six counts of war crimes: murder (article 8(2)(c)(i)); attacks against a civilian population (article 8(2)(e)(i)); destruction of property (article 8(2)(e)(xii)); rape (article 8(2)(e)(vi)); pillaging (article 8(2)(e)(v)); and outrage upon personal dignity (article 8(2)(c)(ii)).